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春季小升初提高班第1-4讲语法易错题汇编

  

 

 

 编写人:童丹霞老师

第一讲错题

(  )1.-- “He ____ to draw horses already”. —“When ____ he?” --“Last year”

A. learned…has   B. learned…did   C. has learned…has    D. has learned…did

(  )2. _____ you _____ the text yet?  Yes, we ____ it two hours ago.

A. Did… copy…did               B. Have ...copied…have

C. Have…copied…did            D. Did…copy…had

(  )3. “Why _____she _______ angry?” “Because he _____ at her just now.”

A. did…get…shouted            B. has…got…shouted

C. did…get…has shouted         D. has…got…has shouted

(  )4.You ____ me waiting for two hours. I _____ for you since five.

A. kept…waited                 B. have kept…waited 

C. kept…have waited            D. have kept…have waited

(  )5. _____ the baby still____? No, it ______ crying.

A. Has…cried…has stopped         B. Is…crying…stopped

C. Did…cry…stopped               D. Is…crying…has stopped

第二讲错题

(  )6. Some parents like talking with their children after work, _____ don’t. They often say it is a bit difficult for them to do so.

A. the other           B. the others      C. others             D. other

(  )7. Fifteen thousand dollars is ______ for a new type ofBeijingjeep.

   A. a good price enough            B. a price enough good

   C. an enough good price           D. a good enough price

(  )8. Between classes, students usually have ____ break.

A. ten minute’s         B. a ten minutes’            C. a ten-minute    D. ten-minute’s

(  )9.---There are two new cars in front of the building.

---One is Bill’s, _____ is the manager’s.

   A. other            B. few         C. others              D. the other

(  )10. I have _____ to do this evening.

A. plenty of works                       B.a large number of work 

C. a great deal of work                   D. lots of works

第三讲错题

(  )11. I didn’t see you at the meeting yesterday. Why?

I ____________ for a long distance call then from my daughter in Canada.

A. waited              B. have waited                   C. was waiting             D. will wait

(  )12.The price of the housing is rising rapidly and nowadays lots of money __on house.

    A. is spent           B. has spent               C. is cost        D. is paid

(  )13. –I have already finished my homework.

      --Really? When ____ you _____ it?

    A. will, finish        B. did, finish          C. have, finished     D. do, finish

(  )14. During the last 3months, another 3000 trees ______ on the mountain.

A. was planted     B.were planted         C.have been planted   D.will be planted

(  )15.I didn’t catch up the first bus yesterday because I ____ too late in the morning.

    A.get up           B. will get up          C. got up          D.have got up

第四讲错题

(  )16. Many students didn’t realize the importance of study ______ they left school.

A. when           B. until                 C. as            D. after

(  )17. I don’t know if it _________ tomorrow. If it _________ , we won’t go on a picnic.

A. rains; rains    B. will rain; rains    C. rains; will rain     D. will rain; will rain

(  )18.---Is the lake there beautiful ?

      ---The photo will show you______.

A.how does it look like              B.what does it look like

C.how it looks like                  D.what it looks like

(  )19.We won’t start the meeting _____ our teacher arrives.

    A.though           B.until              C.while          D. or

(  )20.As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when _____ and see him.

A. will you come              B. you will come

C. do you come               D. you come

解析:

1.D. already“已经”是现在完成时标志词。根据回答last year 可知“when”对过去的某一时间点提问,用过去式时。

2.C. yet在疑问句中意为“已经”,是现在完成时的标志词;ago“以前”是一般过去时标志词。

3.A.当强调过去的某一动作,用一般过去时;强调过去的某一动作现在产生的影响或结果,则用现在完成时。此题中强调的是“生气”这一动作,并未强调对现在的影响,且just now 是一般过去时的标志词,所以选A

4.D.for加一段时间,since加一个时间点都是现在完成时的时间标志词。此题意为“你已经让我等了2小时。我从五点就已经在等你了”。

5.D. 通过“still”可知,提问者想要知道现在孩子还有没有在哭,而不是强调哭是否持续到现在或者是否还要持续下去,故第一空用现在进行时;第二空强调孩子不哭这件事情对问话人问的这件事产生的影响或结果,即“已经”不哭了,所以强调“已经”,用完成时。

6.C. other形容词,“其他的”,与复数名词或者不可数名词连用;the other 是指两者或双方中的另一个人/物,常用于one...the other...句型;the others特指一个范围内的剩余全部;others “别人,别的事物”,泛指其他的人、物,常用于some... others...句型。此题中表示“有些父母….其他有些父母….”,泛指其他一些父母,用others

7.D. enough修饰形容词要放在所修饰的形容词后面,例如good enough15000美金是“一个好的价格”,直接翻译成“a good price”,用上副词enough来修饰good,强调足够好,因此应该是a good enough price

8.C. have a break 是固定短语 “休息一下”,ten-minute 是一个复合形容词,修饰break在这个名词,故用have a ten-minute break; 若用所有格 ten minutes’也可以修饰名词break,但是数词ten前不用冠词a, 故用 have ten minutes’ break

9.D. the other 是指两者或双方中的另一个人/物,常用于one...the other...句型,文中明确指出范围是“two new cars”,除了一个,就是特指剩下的另一个,用the otherother形容词,“其他的”,与复数名词或者不可数名词连用;others泛指其他很多,与题意不符。

10.C. plenty of “许多”,既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词;a large number of“许多”,修饰可数名词;a great deal of“许多”,修饰不可数名词;lots of “许多”,既可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词;work 作“工作”之意是时不可数名词,works意为“作品”,根据句意可知此题work是“工作”,故选C

11.C. 考查时态。根据第一句话中yesterday判断是过去的时间,at the meeting判断是一段时间,因此是过去一段时间,用过去进行时。

12.A.考查被动语态。spend“花费”,用法是sb. spend some money/ time on something; cost“花费”,用法是something cost sb. some money, 是不及物动词,无被动;pay “支付”,用法是sb. pay some money for something. 此题中money作主语,因此是被花,要用被动语态,由于题中介词是on,固定搭配选用spend,所以答案选A

13.B. 考查时态。when强调的是对某一动作的具体时间进行提问,并非强调动作对现在产生的影响,又第一句have already finished说明动作已结束,发生在过去,故用did, finish.

14.C.考查现在完成时的被动。句子主语是trees, 动词时plant, 所以用被动;根据During the last 3months“在过去的三个月”可知,这是过去的某一时间持续到现在的一个时间,是现在完成时标志词,故用现在完成时的被动语态have been planted

15.C.考查时态。主句中yesterday说明是过去时,从句说明的原因是对过去某一事件的解释,并没有强调对现在的影响,因此用一般过去时。

16.B. 考查连词。句意“直到他们离开学校,很多学生才意识到学习的重要性”。notuntil 直到…才;when当…时;as当…时;after在…之后。

17.B.考查宾语从句和条件状语从句。if作“是否”,是宾语从句的引导词,宾语从句要符合“主现从随变,主过从必过”的时态原则,此题中第一个空if意为“是否”,由于主句I dont know是一般现在是,根据tomorrow判断,从句用一般将来时;if作“如果”,是条件状语从句的引导词,要符合“主将从现”的时态原则,此题中第二个空if意为“如果”,由于主句是we wont 为一般将来时,则从句要用一般现在时rains

18.D.考查宾语从句。宾语从句中从句部分要用陈述语序,故排除AB; 看起来怎么样或像什么样,固定句型有how it looks 或者 what it looks like。

19.B. 考查状语从句中连词。句意“直到老师来了,我们才开始会议”。notuntil 直到…才;though尽管;while当…时;as当…时;or或者。

20.B.考查宾语从句。when在此意为“何时”,是时间副词,而不是时间状语从句中的连词,根据句意可知,“你来看他”是一件发生在将来的事,故用一般将来时。

 

 

  

 


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